12/01/2010 23:10:31 true false false 35 07 false 1.1 false false false default_0.swf 12 Slide1 HS130: Anatomy & Physiology II 1 HS130: Anatomy & Physiology II Unit 8 Seminar: Fluid/Electrolyte Balance Acid/Base Equilibrium Dr. Grant Iannelli Professor, Kaplan University 720 540 false false 14 slide1.swf Slide2 Tonight’s Agenda 1 Tonight’s Agenda Welcome Course Questions, Problems & Issues Unit 7 Review Seminar discussion 720 540 false false 14 slide2.swf Slide3 Course Questions, Problems & Issues 1 Course Questions, Problems & Issues 720 540 false false 14 slide3.swf Slide4 Unit 7 Issues to Review 1 Unit 7 Issues to Review The uterus is located: What is the most distal structure in relation to the kidneys? Which level of the spinal cord is involved with the regulation of micturition? True/false Glucose is a normal finding in the urine. The major components of the nephron: A tuft or network of capillaries involved in filtration: 720 540 false false 14 slide4.swf Slide5 Slide 5 1 Fluid & Electrolyte Balance 720 540 false false 14 slide5.swf Slide6 Fluids 1 What are the three main fluid compartments of the body? Which of these make up extracellular fluid? Fluids 720 540 false false 14 slide6.swf Slide7 Water 1 Water What factors influence the percentage of water in the body? 720 540 false false 14 slide7.swf Slide8 Water Gain 1 Water Gain What are the three sources of water for the body? 720 540 false false 14 slide8.swf Slide9 Water Loss 1 Water Loss List the four organs from which fluid loss occurs. 720 540 false false 14 slide9.swf Slide10 Water Loss 1 Water Loss Why is the body unable to reduce its fluid output to zero no matter how dehydrated it is? 720 540 false false 14 slide10.swf Slide11 Electrolytes 1 Electrolytes What is the difference between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes? 720 540 false false 14 slide11.swf Slide12 Electrolytes 1 Electrolytes Name the three most important negative ions. Name three important positive ions. 720 540 false false 14 slide12.swf Slide13 Urine Regulation 1 Urine Regulation Where is each made and what is the specific effect each has on urine volume? Name the three hormones that regulate urine volume. 720 540 false false 14 slide13.swf Slide14 Aldosterone 1 How does aldosterone influence water movement between the kidney tubules and the blood? Aldosterone 720 540 false false 14 slide14.swf Slide15 Water Movement 1 Water Movement What is the role of capillary blood pressure in water movement between the plasma and interstitial fluid? 720 540 false false 14 slide15.swf Slide16 Water Movement 1 Water Movement What is the role of plasma proteins in water movement between the plasma and interstitial fluid? 720 540 false false 14 slide16.swf Slide17 Fluid Disturbances 1 Describe the common fluid imbalances. Dehydration Overhydration Edema Fluid Disturbances 720 540 false false 14 slide17.swf Slide18 Slide 18 1 Acid-Base Equilibrium 720 540 false false 14 slide18.swf Slide19 Acids and Bases 1 Acids and Bases What is an acid? A base? 720 540 false false 14 slide19.swf Slide20 The pH Scale 1 What is the relationship between pH and the relative concentration of hydrogen and hydroxide ions in solution? The pH Scale 720 540 false false 14 slide20.swf Slide21 Acid-Base Chemistry 1 What is the chemical reaction that converts carbon dioxide and water to carbonic acid? Acid-Base Chemistry What enzyme catalyzes this reaction? 720 540 false false 14 slide21.swf Slide22 Acid-Base Chemistry 1 Acid-Base Chemistry What is a buffer? 720 540 false false 14 slide22.swf Slide23 Slide 23 1 720 540 false false 14 slide23.swf Slide24 Acid-Base Chemistry 1 Acid-Base Chemistry How does a buffer pair react if more hydrogen ions are added to the blood? 720 540 false false 14 slide24.swf Slide25 Acid-Base Chemistry 1 Acid-Base Chemistry How does a buffer pair react if more hydroxide ions are added to the blood? 720 540 false false 14 slide25.swf Slide26 Acid-Base Chemistry 1 Acid-Base Chemistry What changes occur in the blood as a result of buffering fixed acids? 720 540 false false 14 slide26.swf Slide27 Acid-Base Balance 1 Acid-Base Balance Explain the respiratory mechanism of pH control. 720 540 false false 14 slide27.swf Slide28 Renal pH Control 1 Renal pH Control Explain how the kidney uses NaH2PO4 to remove hydrogen ions from the blood. 720 540 false false 14 slide28.swf Slide29 Disturbances 1 Disturbances Define acidosis and alkalosis. 720 540 false false 14 slide29.swf Slide30 Case Study: Justin Peaks 1 Case Study: Justin Peaks A mountain climber, Justin Peaks, spent several days camped at a very high altitude on a mountain. He noticed that he was breathing faster than normal and that he began to feel nervous, excitable, and his muscles were hyperactive. Suggest a reason for his symptoms. 720 540 false false 14 slide30.swf Slide31 Case Study: Justin Peaks 1 Case Study: Justin Peaks Justin felt ill and vomited several times. How would this affect his alkalosis? 720 540 false false 14 slide31.swf Slide32 Case Study: Justin Peaks 1 Case Study: Justin Peaks Because Justin didn’t feel well, he took several antacid tablets, which contained sodium bicarbonate. Was this a good idea? How would this affect his alkalosis? 720 540 false false 14 slide32.swf Slide33 Case Study: Justin Peaks 1 Case Study: Justin Peaks How would his body work to control his alkalosis and maintain homeostasis of the pH of his body fluids? 720 540 false false 14 slide33.swf Slide34 Questions?? 1 Questions?? Ask ME or ask your classmates!! 720 540 false false 14 slide34.swf Slide35 Thanks for attending! 1 Thanks for attending! See you in discussion! 720 540 false false 14 slide35.swf