12/01/2010 23:10:31truefalsefalse3507false1.1falsefalsefalsedefault_0.swf12Slide1HS130: Anatomy & Physiology II 1HS130: Anatomy & Physiology II Unit 8 Seminar:
Fluid/Electrolyte Balance Acid/Base Equilibrium
Dr. Grant Iannelli
Professor, Kaplan University 720540falsefalse14slide1.swfSlide2Tonight’s Agenda 1Tonight’s Agenda Welcome
Course Questions, Problems & Issues
Unit 7 Review
Seminar discussion 720540falsefalse14slide2.swfSlide3Course Questions, Problems & Issues 1Course Questions, Problems & Issues 720540falsefalse14slide3.swfSlide4Unit 7 Issues to Review 1Unit 7 Issues to Review The uterus is located:
What is the most distal structure in relation to the kidneys?
Which level of the spinal cord is involved with the regulation of micturition?
True/false Glucose is a normal finding in the urine.
The major components of the nephron:
A tuft or network of capillaries involved in filtration: 720540falsefalse14slide4.swfSlide5Slide 51Fluid & Electrolyte Balance 720540falsefalse14slide5.swfSlide6Fluids 1What are the three main fluid compartments of the body?
Which of these make up extracellular fluid? Fluids 720540falsefalse14slide6.swfSlide7Water 1Water What factors influence the percentage of water in the body? 720540falsefalse14slide7.swfSlide8Water Gain 1Water Gain What are the three sources of water for the body? 720540falsefalse14slide8.swfSlide9Water Loss 1Water Loss List the four organs from which fluid loss occurs. 720540falsefalse14slide9.swfSlide10Water Loss 1Water Loss Why is the body unable to reduce its fluid output to zero no matter how dehydrated it is? 720540falsefalse14slide10.swfSlide11Electrolytes 1Electrolytes What is the difference between electrolytes and nonelectrolytes? 720540falsefalse14slide11.swfSlide12Electrolytes 1Electrolytes Name the three most important negative ions.
Name three important positive ions. 720540falsefalse14slide12.swfSlide13Urine Regulation 1Urine Regulation Where is each made and what is the specific effect each has on urine volume? Name the three hormones that regulate urine volume. 720540falsefalse14slide13.swfSlide14Aldosterone 1 How does aldosterone influence water movement between the kidney tubules and the blood? Aldosterone 720540falsefalse14slide14.swfSlide15Water Movement 1Water Movement What is the role of capillary blood pressure in water movement between the plasma and interstitial fluid? 720540falsefalse14slide15.swfSlide16Water Movement 1Water Movement What is the role of plasma proteins in water movement between the plasma and interstitial fluid? 720540falsefalse14slide16.swfSlide17Fluid Disturbances 1Describe the common fluid imbalances.
Edema Fluid Disturbances 720540falsefalse14slide17.swfSlide18Slide 181Acid-Base Equilibrium 720540falsefalse14slide18.swfSlide19Acids and Bases 1Acids and Bases What is an acid?
A base? 720540falsefalse14slide19.swfSlide20The pH Scale 1What is the relationship between pH and the relative concentration of hydrogen and hydroxide ions in solution? The pH Scale 720540falsefalse14slide20.swfSlide21Acid-Base Chemistry 1What is the chemical reaction that converts carbon dioxide and water to carbonic acid? Acid-Base Chemistry What enzyme catalyzes this reaction? 720540falsefalse14slide21.swfSlide22Acid-Base Chemistry 1Acid-Base Chemistry What is a buffer? 720540falsefalse14slide22.swfSlide23Slide 231720540falsefalse14slide23.swfSlide24Acid-Base Chemistry 1Acid-Base Chemistry How does a buffer pair react if more hydrogen ions are added to the blood? 720540falsefalse14slide24.swfSlide25Acid-Base Chemistry 1Acid-Base Chemistry How does a buffer pair react if more hydroxide ions are added to the blood? 720540falsefalse14slide25.swfSlide26Acid-Base Chemistry 1Acid-Base Chemistry What changes occur in the blood as a result of buffering fixed acids? 720540falsefalse14slide26.swfSlide27Acid-Base Balance 1Acid-Base Balance Explain the respiratory mechanism of pH control. 720540falsefalse14slide27.swfSlide28Renal pH Control 1Renal pH Control Explain how the kidney uses NaH2PO4 to remove hydrogen ions from the blood. 720540falsefalse14slide28.swfSlide29Disturbances 1Disturbances Define acidosis and alkalosis. 720540falsefalse14slide29.swfSlide30Case Study: Justin Peaks 1Case Study: Justin Peaks A mountain climber, Justin Peaks, spent several days camped at a very high altitude on a mountain. He noticed that he was breathing faster than normal and that he began to feel nervous, excitable, and his muscles were hyperactive. Suggest a reason for his symptoms. 720540falsefalse14slide30.swfSlide31Case Study: Justin Peaks 1Case Study: Justin Peaks Justin felt ill and vomited several times. How would this affect his alkalosis? 720540falsefalse14slide31.swfSlide32Case Study: Justin Peaks 1Case Study: Justin Peaks Because Justin didn’t feel well, he took several antacid tablets, which contained sodium bicarbonate. Was this a good idea? How would this affect his alkalosis? 720540falsefalse14slide32.swfSlide33Case Study: Justin Peaks 1Case Study: Justin Peaks How would his body work to control his alkalosis and maintain homeostasis of the pH of his body fluids? 720540falsefalse14slide33.swfSlide34Questions?? 1Questions?? Ask ME or ask your classmates!! 720540falsefalse14slide34.swfSlide35Thanks for attending! 1Thanks for attending! See you in discussion! 720540falsefalse14slide35.swf